How Do I Know When My Breast Is Empty When Breastfeeding

How Do I Know When My Breast Is Empty When Breastfeeding?

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Embarking on the breastfeeding journey can be a maze of questions and uncertainties for new moms!

Among the myriad of queries, one seems to crop up more frequently: ‘How do I know when my breast is empty when breastfeeding?’

Grasping the answer to this question can be instrumental in making sure your little one is sufficiently nourished.

First and foremost, your baby is an excellent barometer of your milk supply. Look for signs of active nursing – the rhythmic movement of your baby’s jaw and ear as they swallow milk is a surefire indicator. As the feed draws to a close, you’ll notice your baby’s pace slowing, and the swallowing becoming less frequent. This is your cue to switch to the other breast and replicate the process.

In addition to your baby’s cues, your own body provides valuable feedback. A full breast feels firm, heavy, and resistant to pressure. As your baby nurses, this heaviness gradually diminishes, akin to a balloon slowly deflating. By the end of a feed, your breast should feel soft, pliable, and perhaps even a touch smaller than it was before.

Having breastfed both of my children for over a year each, I am well-versed in the subtleties of breastfeeding and how to tell if breasts are empty. This invaluable experience, combined with professional advice and research, forms the basis of the insights I share on this blog. So let’s navigate this labyrinth together!

How do I know when my breast is empty when breastfeeding? 3 signs to look out for

The feeling of ’empty’ breasts can vary from one mom to another. Some mothers might feel a significant drop in fullness, while others may not notice much of a change. The key is to pay attention to how your breasts feel before and after breastfeeding or pumping. This is the best way to know how to tell if breasts are empty after nursing.

1. Soft breasts

In the early weeks, it’s common for a mother’s breasts to feel full and firm as they adjust to the demands of feeding a newborn. When your baby has finished nursing, your breast will feel soft and less full. This is because your baby has emptied the milk from the breast. This softness is a good sign that milk removal is occurring effectively.

However, it is important to note that breasts are never truly fully empty, and milk production is a continuous process. Even after your baby finishes feeding or you’ve pumped out what seems like all your milk, your milk ducts continue producing.

2. Your baby’s cues

Your baby’s behavior during a nursing session can also be a good indicator of whether your breast is making milk or is empty. If your baby is actively nursing and swallowing, your breast is likely still producing milk. However, if your baby starts to slow down and lose interest in nursing, it may be a sign that your breast is empty. Additionally, if your baby is fussing and pulling away from the breast, it may indicate that they are not getting enough milk.


It is important to note that every baby’s feeding cues are different, and some may need to nurse longer or more frequently than others. Additionally, some babies may be more efficient at draining the breast than others, which can affect how quickly your breast feels empty.

3. Monitor your baby

The best sign of adequate milk supply isn’t necessarily how ’empty’ your breasts feel, but your baby’s growth and behavior. If your baby is gaining weight, producing plenty of poopy diapers, and seems content after most feedings, you’re likely producing enough milk and your baby is getting enough milk.

Keep hydrating yourself with plenty of water, breastfeeding-friendly drinks, or even protein powders. This will help with maintaining a good milk supply.

Remember, as your baby grows and goes through growth spurts, they might need more milk. This increased demand may make your breasts feel less ’empty’ after feedings, but it’s just your body responding to your baby’s needs.

Alternative techniques to empty your breasts

Hand expression

Some mothers find it helpful to hand express after pumping. This technique can help remove as much milk as possible from the breast and stimulate multiple letdowns, which can lead to more milk production over time. Hand expression is a great way to ensure that your breasts are fully emptied.

  • Start by washing your hands thoroughly.

  • Place your thumb and fingers around your breast, with your fingers about an inch away from your nipple.

  • Gently squeeze and release your breast, allowing the milk to flow out.

  • Move your fingers around your breast to ensure that all areas are emptied.


Pumping is another way to empty your breasts, especially if you need to store some amount of milk for later use. This could be due to work schedules, trips out, or if someone else will be caring for your baby.

During a pumping session, it’s normal to focus on one breast at a time. This can allow for effective milk removal and gives you the chance to soothe any discomfort with heat, which can be helpful, especially if you’re dealing with engorgement or clogged milk ducts. While pumping, it’s not unusual for your baby to fall asleep on the other side, comforted by the closeness to you.

As your body gets into the rhythm of supply and demand, you may find yourself able to pump less often or even stop pumping altogether.

Find my recommendations for breast pumps here:

The 6 Best Smart Breast Pumps for Busy Moms

The best wearable breast pumps: Express milk anywhere, anytime

It’s essential to understand your breast pump parts and optimal pump settings for efficient milk extraction. When pumping, make sure that you’re using the correct flange size for your breast, as an ill-fitting flange can cause discomfort and reduce the amount of milk flow. Start with a low suction setting and gradually increase it until you find a comfortable level. Breast pump for about 15-20 minutes per breast or until the milk stops flowing.


It’s important to note that pumping should not replace nursing, as most babies are better at emptying the milk flowing from the breast than pumps.

Breastfeeding basics

Breastfeeding can take some practice to get the hang of it, especially when it comes to understanding how your breasts produce milk and how to know when your breast is empty.

The latch

One of the most important aspects of successful breastfeeding is getting a good latch. This means that your baby is positioned correctly and is able to suckle effectively. A good latch can help prevent sore nipples, ensure that your baby is getting enough milk, ensures your breasts are emptied effectively and promote milk production.

To achieve a good latch:

  • Make sure your baby is facing your breast with their nose level with your nipple.

  • You should aim to have as much of your areola (the darker area around your nipple) in your baby’s mouth as possible.

  • Your baby’s lips should be flanged outwards, and their chin should be touching your breast.

Milk production and let-down

Your body produces milk in response to your baby’s sucking. The more your baby nurses, the more milk your breasts will produce. This is why it’s important to feed your baby on demand and not on a strict schedule.

When your baby begins to suckle, it triggers a hormone called oxytocin, which causes your milk to let down or flow. You may feel a tingling or fullness in your breasts when this happens.

Read more about increasing your milk supply here: How to Increase Milk Supply Quickly: Tips and Tricks for Breastfeeding Moms

Cluster feeding and swallowing

Cluster feeding is when your baby wants to feed frequently over a short period of time. This is common in newborns during growth spurts and can help stimulate breast milk production. During cluster feeding, your baby may feed for a few minutes, pull off, and then want to feed again shortly after.

When your baby is feeding, you should be able to see and hear them swallowing. You may also notice their jaw moving and their ears wiggling. Swallowing is a sign that your baby is getting enough milk and is feeding effectively.

Burping and clogged ducts

After feeding, it’s important to burp your baby to help release any trapped air. This can prevent discomfort and colic. To burp your baby, hold them upright against your shoulder and gently pat their back.

If you notice any lumps or sore spots in your breast, you may have a clogged duct or mastitis. This can be caused by a poor latch, infrequent feeding, or pressure on your breast. To relieve a clogged duct, apply warm compresses to your breast and massage the affected area. You can also try hand expressing or pumping to help release the blockage.

Empty breasts and skin-to-skin contact

While it’s important to ensure your baby is getting enough breast milk supply, it’s also important not to worry too much about empty breasts. Your breasts are never truly empty, and your baby will continue to get milk even if they seem to be done nursing. Additionally, skin-to-skin contact can help stimulate milk production and promote bonding between you and your baby.

When to seek help

If you’re experiencing pain during breastfeeding, or if you’re worried about your milk supply, it’s a good idea to reach out to a lactation consultant. These professionals can provide support, guidance, and practical tips for successful breastfeeding.


Breastfeeding is a deeply personal and rewarding journey that is unique for every mother. It’s perfectly alright if you aren’t sure whether your breasts are ’empty.’ Your body is intuitively designed to continually produce just the right amount of milk for your baby, and the feeling of ’emptiness’ can vary from mother to mother. Instead of fixating on how to tell when your breast is empty, turn your focus towards understanding your baby’s cues and monitoring their growth.

Each mother’s breastfeeding journey is distinct and varies in its own way. Don’t hold back from seeking professional help if you feel it’s needed. Most importantly, remember to keep persevering. and trust your mother’s instinct! You’re navigating this journey wonderfully!

Empty breasts FAQ’s

Your breasts will feel softer and lighter after a feeding or pumping session.

Breasts are continually producing milk, the rate varies based on frequency and effectiveness of milk removal.

It can take between 10-20 minutes for a baby to remove milk from a breast. However, each baby and mother are different.

Ensuring regular and effective nursing or pumping sessions helps. Your breasts feeling softer post-feed indicates effective emptying.

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